This small tree can eventually become 30 or 40 feet tall, but it throws light shade, and never becomes overpowering in a smaller space. Authors as Published. From shop SEEDMALL. Smooth, white, flaky; peels into papery strips; Distribution & Uses. Betula pubescens is commonly known as downy birch, with other common names including moor birch, white birch, European white birch or hairy birch. It has been introduced into North America, where it is known as the European white birch, and is considered invasivein some states in th… window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; All are believed to be the result of grain deviations. European birch is often used for plywood in Finland and other countries. Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. Old trees are often killed by the decay fungus Piptoporus betulinus and fallen branches rot rapidly on the forest floor. This applies particularly to acidic or nutrient-poor soils. The bark remains smooth until the tree gets quite large, but in older trees, the bark thickens, becoming irregular, dark, and rugged. The bronze birch borer is common east of the Cascades but was essentially unknown in western Oregon before 2003; now it is becoming an increasing problem in the Portland area and Corvallis. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. 'dimension3': 'undefined', Facts on the European White Birch Location. [6], Several varieties of B. pendula are no longer accepted, including B. pendula var. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch,[2] or East Asian white birch,[3] is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe, it is only found at higher altitudes. The wood dries fairly rapidly with a slight tendency to warp. Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. Historically, European birch was used to make canoes, and Laplanders used it to make cloaks and leggings. [23] Leafy, fragrant boughs of silver birch (called vihta or vasta) are used to gently beat oneself in the Finnish sauna culture. European White Birch. In Scandinavia and other regions of northern Europe, it is grown for forest products such as lumber and pulp, as well as for aesthetic purposes and ecosystem services. The commercial birches of note in the United States and Canada include yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) and paper birch (Betula papyrifera). 'dimension6': 'track', Have something to say? European White Birch Tree Tags (ITEM# TT-15) 4" x 6" medium .070 gauge tan poly with green print. This publication is available in PDF format only. European white birch (Not recommended) Due to susceptibility to bronze birch borer (BBB), European white birch is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. [1] The synonym Betula oycowiensis (as B. oycoviensis) was previously listed on the Red List as vulnerable,[22] though it is now considered a synonym of B. pendula subsp. The twigs are slender and often pendulous and the leaves are roughly triangular with doubly serrate margins and turn yellow in autumn before they fall. [4], Silver birch wood is pale in colour with no distinct heartwood and is used in making furniture, plywood, veneers, parquet blocks, skis, and kitchen utensils, and in turnery. European birch trees do thrive where other trees will not, and do well as far north as Lapland. 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Heartwood is moderately resistant to preservative treatment. The shoots are grey-brown with fine downy. White birch is a medium-sized tree, with most in the wild growing to heights between 50 and 70 feet. Silver Birch, European white birch, Common Birch, Warty Birch, European White Birch: Family: Betulaceae: USDA hardiness: 2-6: Known Hazards: The aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin. Clift says plain European birch is typically used in kitchen cabinetry, panels and residential doors. While plain, white birch is known for its creamy, white-to-tan color and faint grain, masur birch is the name for wood that has been affected by insects. Regular systemic borer control is recommended. Product Description. The main components in the essential oil of the buds are α-copaene (~10%), germacrene D (~15%), and δ-cadinene (~13%). [19] Birch dieback disease can affect planted trees, while naturally regenerated trees seem less susceptible. [13] The two have differences in habitat requirements, with silver birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils, and downy birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites such as clay soils and peat bogs. Experts also recommend using reduced cutting angles to avoid tearing when the material is planed. Leaves: The leaves are 1-2.5" (2.5-6cm) long and 1-1.5" (2.5-4cm) wide. Slabs of bark are used for making roof shingles and strips are used for handicrafts such as wooden footwear and small containers. It will look beautiful very quickly and bring a real presence you will love. For the racehorse, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T62535A3115662.en. It is moderately stable and works well with hand and machine tools, but can be wooly. Edibility. [17], The larvae of a large number of species of butterflies, moths, and other insects feed on the leaves and other parts of the silver birch. In the spring, large quantities of sap rise up the trunk and this can be tapped. 4.5 out of 5 stars (98) 98 reviews $ 9.99 FREE shipping Favorite Add to THREE- White Birch Poles Medium blueskiesforever. //--> "The birches are the hardiest of all the broadleaves; the only trees native to Iceland and Greenland.". Other popular grain patterns for European birch include flame, ice and curly birch. Young branches have whitish resin warts and the twigs are slender, hairless, and often pendulous. Leaves are glossy green turning yellow in autumn. 'Youngii' has dense, twiggy, weeping growth with no central leader and requires being grafted onto a standard stem of normal silver birch. Varied Uses The essential oil extracted from Sweet Birch is not used in aromatherapy. The birch family includes alders, hornbeams and hazels. It is also used for high-end joinery, flooring, general turnery and cabinetry. The European white birch is a tree that prefers cold weather and that can be found in high-elevation areas and... Crafts. It’s … Watch for leaf spot problems. Voss Signs® Tree Tags are descriptive tree ID tags. A graceful, upright tree that has brown bark when young becoming white with maturity. Sign Up for Woodworking Network Newsletters, Get the latest headlines delivered to you daily Subscribe. The buds are small and sticky, and development is sympodial - the terminal bud dies away and growth continues from a lateral bud. The… Read More The wood is lighter than the North American species. Downy birch has a grayish-white bark with the presence of horizontal lenticular features on it. Alex X. Niemiera, Professor, School of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Virginia Tech. The immature male catkins are present during the winter, but the female catkins develop in the spring, soon after the leaves unfurl. [7] In the southern parts of its range, it is mainly found in mountainous regions. Please follow the link at the right. Betula species most often marketed as lumber include Betula pendula, Betula alba, Betula pubescens and Betular odorata. The leavesare ovate-acute, 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) long and 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.6 to 1.8 in) br… [6] In addition to mycorrhiza, the presence of microfauna in the soil assists the growth of the tree, as it enhances the mobilization of nutrients. Sunset Zones 1-11, 14-24. Johnson writes there are some 60 species of birches, and they are hard to identify. It is also native to northern Morocco and has become naturalised in some other parts of the world. Do not use in patients with oedema or with poor kidney or heart functions [301] Habitats: Open woodland and heaths[17, 100]. [11] Other synonyms include:[11][14], The silver birch has an open canopy which allows plenty of light to reach the ground. 30-40 ft. high, with weeping side branches and delicate, lacy foliage. The trunk is typically about 1 to 2 feet wide. A wonderful landscape tree with flaky white bark and terrific fall color. [26], Birch brushwood is used for racecourse jumps and besom brooms. The European White Birch is one of the most susceptible birches to the bronze birch borer, which infects and kills trees. Because the wood was strong and flexible it was made into spears, bows and arrows, snowshoes and sleds. In terms of genetic structure, the trees are quite different, but do, however, occasionally hybridise. They are sticky with resin at first, but this dries as they age, leaving small, white scales. Flowering plants often found in birch woods include primrose (Primula vulgaris), violet (Viola riviniana), bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta), wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa), and wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosella). Toothy, diamond-shaped foliage emerges glossy green in spring. The white birch from Europe and the natural white with dark heartwood that grows in the United States are also used frequently to make doors. European White Birch, clump Betula pendula (B. alba) -WHERE TO BUY THIS VARIETY-Most popular deciduous tree in the West. [4][6], Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). There is also Karelian birch, which is a birch burl. As they are shallow-rooted, they may require water during dry periods. It has been introduced into North America, where it is known as the European white birch, and is considered invasive in some states in the United States and parts of Canada. Family: Betulaceae (View Members of Betulaceae) Genus and Species: Betula pendula. The dead twigs are also useful as kindling for outdoor fires. [citation needed]. It needs plenty of light and does best on dry, acid soils and is found on heathland, mountainsides, and clinging to crags. Plain birch’s appeal is that it is a creamy white with a subtle figure and very easy to stain," Clift says. gtag('config', 'AW-799896374'); Share your thoughts with us in the comments below. The veneer from the infected logs is sliced and marketed. Birch Essential Oil Uses Birch Essential Oil varies in usage depending on the tree of extraction. Many North American texts treat the two species as conspecific (and cause confusion by combining the downy birch's alternative vernacular name 'white birch', with the scientific name B. pendula of the other species), but they are regarded as distinct species throughout Europe. com.realmagnet.MagnetLeads.visitPage(); COMMON NAMES [5], The silver birch grows naturally from western Europe eastwards to Kazakhstan, the Sakha Republic in Siberia, Mongolia, and the Xinjiang province in China, and southwards to the mountains of the Caucasus and northern Iran, Iraq, and Turkey. Historically, European birch was used to make canoes, and Laplanders used it to make cloaks and leggings. gtag('js', new Date()); Name: Downy Birch (Betula pubescens), also known as European White Birch. The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is rounded. The highly-figured material is cut for expensive veneer and used in high-end applications. Russians used birch bark to tan leather and it is sometimes used to burn fuel. [CDATA[//> In midsummer, the female catkins mature and the male catkins expand and release pollen, and wind pollination takes place. ]]> According to The Encyclopedia of Wood, "The larvae of burrowing insects create pith flecks, which show as irregular dark markings and local grain disturbance.". (View Measured Leaf) The are almost triangular in shape, but not as much as the Gray Birch. Jo-Ann Kaiser has been covering the woodworking industry for 31+ years. "Lack of Evidence for Impact of the European White Birch, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T194831A2363997.en, "HOSTS – a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "Suomen kansallistunnukset (Finland's national emblems)", "Perinteinen saunavihta (Traditional sauna vihta)". [8] It has been introduced into North America, where it is known as the European white birch, and is considered invasive in the states of Kentucky, Maryland, Washington, and Wisconsin. [4], The leaves have short, slender stalks and are 3 to 7 cm (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, triangular with broad, untoothed, wedge-shaped bases, slender pointed tips, and coarsely double-toothed, serrated margins. Noteworthy Characteristics Betula pendula, commonly called European white birch or white birch, is native to Europe and Asia Minor where it typically occurs in wood margins, heaths, hills and slopes. com.realmagnet.MagnetLeads.init('OrfhmQgk6sGIKGvE9vw'); "We carry the plain white birch, which is a general volume wood, and we also carry the highly figured ice birch veneer, which is a very flashy figure used for high-end applications," Clift says. carelica, fontqueri, laciniata, lapponica, meridionalis, microlepis, and parvibracteata, as well as forms Betula pendula f. bircalensis, crispa, and palmeri. European White Birch Betula pendula. [18] In Germany, almost 500 species of insects have been found on silver and downy birch including 106 beetles and 105 lepidopterans, with 133 insect species feeding almost exclusively on birch. Does best with ample water and fertilizer. It is sometimes used as a pioneer and nurse tree elsewhere. Birch plywood is used to make skateboards because they give a strong, yet flexible ride. "Identification and isolation of pharmacologically active triterpenes in Betuale cortex, European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Betula_pendula&oldid=990636506, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Hybrids between the two are known, but are very rare, and being triploid, are sterile. Bark can be heated and the resin collected; the resin is an excellent waterproof glue and useful for starting fires. The tip is very long and pointed and the base is almost straight across. Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. From shop blueskiesforever. White bark. This tree has an attractive pendulous habit. [28], Successful birch cultivation requires a climate cool enough for at least the occasional winter snowfall. It is used in specialty furniture and airplane interiors. It is sometimes grafted onto another root stock resulting in a taller tree with an umbrella-like crown. 'dimension9': '173628' Creative cutting can give the dimensions needed. [8], The branches of the silver birch often have tangled masses of twigs known as witch's brooms growing among them, caused by the fungus Taphrina betulina. It makes a good firewood, but is quickly consumed by the flames. //-->

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